Argumentative Essay怎么写?Argumentative Essay写作技巧&案例

Argumentative Essay(论证性文章)是一种常见的学术写作形式,旨在通过逻辑和证据来说服读者接受作者的观点或立场。撰写一篇有效的Argumentative Essay需要清晰的论证、充分的证据支持以及对反对意见的合理反驳。以下是写作Argumentative Essay的技巧和一个简短的案例。

Argumentative Essay写作技巧

明确立场: 在文章开头明确你的论点或立场,并确保整个文章围绕这一中心论点展开。

引言吸引注意: 使用引人入胜的开头,如引用、统计数据或一个有趣的故事,来吸引读者的注意力,并引入你的论点。

组织结构: 使用清晰的结构,通常包括引言、主体段落和结论。每个主体段落应该有一个清晰的主题句,支持你的论点。

提供证据: 使用事实、统计数据、专家意见、研究结果等来支持你的论点。确保所有证据都是可验证和可靠的。

反驳反对意见: 识别可能的反对意见,并在文章中对其进行反驳。这显示了你的论证是全面的,并且考虑了不同的观点。

语言和风格: 使用正式和有说服力的语言。避免使用俚语或过于情感化的词汇。

审稿和修改: 完成初稿后,进行多次审稿和修改。检查语法错误、拼写错误和不清晰的表达。可能的话,让同行或导师提供反馈。

撰写Argumentative Essay时,重要的是要有说服力,确保你的论点得到充分的支持,并且能够合理地处理反对意见。通过遵循上述技巧,你将能够撰写出一篇有说服力的论证性文章。记住,清晰、逻辑和证据是写作成功的关键。

Argumentative Essay 英文优秀案例

Title: The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Introduction: In the digital age, social media platforms have become an integral part of our daily lives. While they offer numerous benefits such as connectivity and information sharing, there is growing concern about their impact on users’ mental health. This essay argues that excessive use of social media leads to increased levels of anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues among users. The argument is supported by empirical studies and expert opinions in the field of psychology and social sciences.

Thesis Statement: Excessive use of social media negatively affects mental health, leading to higher rates of anxiety and depression.

Main Body:

Effects of Social Comparison: People often compare their lives to the carefully curated images they see on social media, leading to feelings of inadequacy and envy. A study by Fardouly et al. (2015) found that frequent social media users were more likely to engage in social comparison, which in turn was associated with lower levels of self-esteem and increased depressive symptoms.

Fear of Missing Out (FOMO): The fear of missing out on experiences or events can create a sense of dissatisfaction and anxiety. Przybylski et al. (2013) conducted a research that showed a positive correlation between FOMO and social media use, indicating that the more time individuals spend on these platforms, the higher their FOMO levels.

Cyberbullying and Online Harassment: Social media provides a platform for cyberbullying, which can have severe psychological effects on victims. Patchin and Hinduja (2010) reported that those who experience cyberbullying are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and even suicidal thoughts.

Impact on Sleep: Excessive screen time, especially before bedtime, can disrupt sleep patterns. A study by Cain and Gradisar (2010) established that increased social media use was linked to poorer sleep quality, which is a significant factor in mental health.

Counterargument: While the negative effects are evident, some argue that social media can also provide emotional support and a sense of community. To address this, it is essential to promote balanced use and digital literacy to harness the positive aspects while mitigating the risks.

Conclusion: The evidence presented underscores the need for awareness and regulation of social media use to protect mental health. It is crucial to strike a balance between enjoying the benefits of social connectivity and avoiding the pitfalls associated with excessive use. As society continues to grapple with the impact of technology on our well-being, it is imperative to adopt a mindful approach to social media engagement.


Fardouly, J., Diedrichs, P. C., Vartanian, L. R., & Halliwell, E. (2015). Social comparisons on social media: the impact of Facebook on young women’s body image concerns. Body Image, 13, 38-45.1

Przybylski, A. K., Murayama, K., DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1841-1848.1

Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2010). Cyberbullying and self-esteem. Journal of School Health, 80(12), 614-621.1

Cain, N., & Gradisar, M. (2010). Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents: a review. Sleep Medicine, 11(8), 735-742.